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The researchers were specifically looking for parents with no medical problems either in themselves or (presumably) their unborn child, but who wanted to abort the baby for "social reasons"; the social reason usually given was, "too many children".The abortions were, of course, in Sweden, as abortion at that time was illegal in the U. It took the researchers 37 attempts - representing 20 Swedish abortions - to develop a cell line that grew; this successful line was designated Wistar Insitute 38: WI-38.For rabies, there are two vaccines licensed and marketed in the U.
Introduced in 1995, it uses both the WI-38 and MRC-5 human cell lines. A new combination vaccine comprised of M-M-R II and a beefed up version of VARIVAX, trade name Pro Quad (Merck) was licensed by the FDA 6 September 2005.In addition to the rubella and varicella vaccines, there are other vaccines which, though not part of the pediatric series, are in routine use and do use "tainted" cell lines.
The vaccines against Hepatitis A, known as HAVRIX (Glaxo Smith Kline Biologicals) and VAQTA (Merck), both utilize the MRC-5 human diploid fibroblast cell line to culture their Hepatitis A viral strain; the viral particles are then inactivated and suspended for injection.
Vaccine safety is a profoundly important issue since, in a population - wide program, even rare events turn into large numbers: a tiny fraction of a huge number is a big number.
Every effort should be made to monitor, ensure, and improve vaccine safety, and if questions regarding a vaccine or a component of a vaccine come up, they should be rigorously investigated. In general, the vaccine is far, far safer than the disease it is attempting to prevent. To repeat: the first point of this paper is to review the issue of the moral status of parents who use vaccines manufactured with cell cultures derived from aborted babies.
After some thought, I have decided to reproduce an essay I published last fall in the National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly here.
Vaccine Essay Question Essay Writing For Teachers Day
There is a little risk in this, because it will also be a chapter in my book, and one can only reproduce the same material so many times.We'll see how it goes, so here goes: Human Technology Manufacturing Platforms, Part I (of VII or so parts).The topic of vaccines manufactured using cell lines which have their origin in aborted babies has received a fair amount of attention in the Catholic press, and the topic again became prominent with the publication of a Vatican letter on the topic in July, 2005.This essay will review the vaccination issue for the uninitiated, and go through the Vatican letter in some detail.However, up until now the discussion has largely been confined to a handful of vaccines used in routine pediatric vaccination programs, and so the moral issues have been largely confined to parents of vaccination - age children.And, the third point is that other therapies which could even eclipse the vaccines in number and importance are in the works.Central to all of these points is the issue of (chickenpox).The purpose of childhood rubella vaccination is not to protect the child, as German measles is a mild illness in children, and, as with chickenpox in children, natural infection confers lifelong immunity.The reason rubella is a public health issue is because if a pregnant mother who is unimmunized (either via natural infection or vaccination) is exposed to a child with active rubella, she will get the illness, and it can be passed to her unborn child.The second point is that, since the number of vaccines derived from the cell cultures of aborted babies is on the threshold of expanding , this issue will no longer be confined to a relatively small group of parents agonizing over whether, in vaccinating their children, they are cooperating with evil.Rather, the issue will apply to vast segments of the population and, possibly, virtually everyone.