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In this type of irony, a character or speaker in the narrative will say or do something that is the opposite of what he means or intends.For example, in a story, the wife of a thief might tell her husband to, “do the respectable thing and bring back some jewels tonight so that we can have food on the table tomorrow.” This is ironic because she is encouraging her husband to steal jewels in order to sell them for money. Whether or not verbal irony is readily understood by the reader depends on the skill of the writer.Irony is a tough concept for many students of literature to understand.
Verbal Irony Examples: Looking at her son's messy room, Mom says, "Wow, you could win an award for cleanliness" On the way to school, the school bus gets a flat tire and the bus driver says, "Excellent, this day couldn't start off any better" Dramatic Irony Examples: The audience knows that a killer is hiding in the closet, but the girl in the horror movie does not.
The reader knows that a storm is coming, but the children playing on the playground do not.
The final kind of irony is called situational irony.
Situational irony is an incongruence in what is expected to happen and what actually takes place.
Authors can make careful use of irony to make their writing more interesting.
Verbal, dramatic, and situational irony are all tools that a writer can use to express emotion, set moods, and evoke a response from their audience.
In literature, there are three main subtypes of irony.
They are verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony.
Situational Irony Examples: There are roaches infesting the office of a pest control service.
A plumber spends all day working on leaky taps and comes home to find a pipe has burst into his home.