However, while no small degree of progress has been made toward persuading healthcare professionals to withhold treatments that are unlikely to provide significant benefit, it is clear that a certain level of ambivalence remains with regard to withdrawing treatment.
Things to Consider about Ethics in Research Many values inherent in research are congruent with general moral and social values.
They include things like human and animal rights, health and safety, honesty, respect and responsibility — to name just a few.
In this paper, we review the academic literature on the ethical equivalence of withdrawing and withholding medical treatment.
While we are not in outright disagreement with the arguments presented, we suggest that asserting theoretical and decontextualized claims about the ethical equivalence of withdrawing and withholding life-saving treatment does not fully illuminate the moral questions associated with the relevant clinical realities.