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Henry David Thoreau was an American writer, poet and a transcendentalist thinker, most famous for his classic book ‘Walden’.
Born to a poor family in Concord, Thoreau received his elementary education from the Concord Academy and graduated from Harvard University.
Subsequently, he taught at school for some time while pursuing his love for literature and nature alongside.
He had two older siblings, Helen and John Jr., and a younger sister, Sophia.
Bronson Alcott notes in his journal that Thoreau pronounced his family name THOR-eau, accented on the first syllable, not the last as is common today.
Thoreau's life can be seen as a direct critique of consumerism and the alienation from nature characteristic of modernity, while his writings anticipate issues later critiqued by phenomenology, pragmatism, and environmental thought in the second half of the twentieth century.
David Henry Thoreau was born to John and Cynthia Thoreau in Concord, Massachusetts.In 1841, Thoreau was invited into the Emerson household, where he lived until 1843, working as Emerson's assistant, gardener, and all-around handyman.In 1843, he spent a few months in New York serving as a tutor to William Emerson's sons.During his stay in New York, Thoreau attempted to break into the New York publishing industry with the help of his future literary representative Horace Greeley.Thoreau was a philosopher of nature and its relation to the human condition.Translations or editions published later may be copyrighted.Posthumous works may be copyrighted based on how long they have been published in certain countries and areas.He is said to have taken issue with the teaching methods at Harvard and in a letter to Emerson commented on Harvard diplomas."Let every sheep keep it's own skin." Upon graduation, he returned home, where he became a companion of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Emerson delighted in advising the young man and introducing him into his social circle, which consisted of some of the most important American writers and thinkers of the period including William Ellery Channing, Margaret Fuller, Bronson Alcott, and Nathaniel Hawthorne and his son Julian who was just a boy at the time.This invention improved upon graphite found in New Hampshire in 1821 by Charles Dunbar.Later, Thoreau converted the factory to producing plumbago which was used to ink typesetting machines.