LISP has evolved through numerous dialects, such as Scheme and Common LISP.
The C programming language was developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan at the AT&T Corporation for programming computer operating systems.
Its control structures included conditional IF statements, repetitive loops (so-called DO loops), and a GOTO statement that allowed nonsequential execution of program code.
FORTRAN made it convenient to have subprograms for common mathematical operations, and built libraries of them.anguage) was designed by a committee of American and European computer scientists during 1958–60 for publishing algorithms, as well as for doing computations.
A LISP program is a function applied to data, rather than being a sequence of procedural steps as in FORTRAN and ALGOL.
LISP uses a very simple notation in which operations and their operands are given in a parenthesized list. Although this appears awkward, the notation works well for computers.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!ALGOL was widely used in Europe, and for many years it remained the language in which computer algorithms were published.Many important languages, such as Pascal and Ada (both described later), are its descendants.rocessing) was developed about 1960 by John Mc Carthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and was founded on the mathematical theory of recursive functions (in which a function appears in its own definition)..pass_color_to_child_links a.u-inline.u-margin-left--xs.u-margin-right--sm.u-padding-left--xs.u-padding-right--xs.u-absolute.u-absolute--center.u-width--100.u-flex-align-self--center.u-flex-justify--between.u-serif-font-main--regular.js-wf-loaded .u-serif-font-main--regular.amp-page .u-serif-font-main--regular.u-border-radius--ellipse.u-hover-bg--black-transparent.web_page .u-hover-bg--black-transparent:hover. Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded . Assembly language is designed to be easily translated into machine language.Although blocks of data may be referred to by name instead of by their machine addresses, assembly language does not provide more sophisticated means of organizing complex information.Block structure became a powerful tool for building large programs out of small components.ALGOL contributed a notation for describing the structure of a programming language, Backus–Naur Form, which in some variation became the standard tool for stating the syntax (grammar) of programming languages.