ABA uses behavioral psychology principles to systematically change behavior by encouraging positive behaviors and discouraging negative ones.
In addition, ABA teaches new skills and applies those skills to new situations.
Is a common form of ABA in which what is being taught is broken down into smaller steps, then using prompts and rewards for each step. ESDM is a comprehensive ABA program for infants, toddlers and preschoolers ages 12 to 48 months with ASD.
ESDM includes naturalistic ABA, interpersonal exchange, shared enjoyment in joint activities, and promotion of language and communication.
ESDM has been shown to be effective in a randomized clinical trial.
Research Paper On Autism Treatment
Children who received 20 hours of ESDM per week (5 of the hours provided by parents) over 2 years showed more improvement in cognitive testing (IQ), adaptive skills, and autism symptoms than those who received typical community treatment.In 2012, the Missouri Autism Guidelines Initiative summarized the findings from 6 reviews on behavioral and pharmacological interventions in autism.The consensus paper includes current evidence of what interventions have been studied and shown effective.In older children, OT often focuses on improving social behavior and increasing independence. PT is used to improve gross motor skills and handle sensory integration issues, particularly those involving the individual’s ability to feel and be aware of their body in space. The most effective treatments available today are applied behavioral analysis, occupational therapy, speech therapy, physical therapy, and pharmacological therapy.Treatment works to minimize the impact of the core features and associated deficits of ASD and to maximize functional independence and quality of life.Physicians should suggest patients begin EI services as soon as the diagnosis is made.If patients have a long wait between a positive screen and a diagnostic evaluation, it’s best to initiate EI even before a formal diagnosis is made.Each OT program is based on individual evaluations and goals. [Early Start Denver Model] Arnold LE, Vitiello B, Mc Dougle C, et al. Line-item analysis of the Aberrant Behavior Checklist: results from two studies of aripiprazole in the treatment of irritability associated with autistic disorder. OT for young children with ASD often focuses on improving sensory integration and sensorimotor issues. Randomized, controlled trial of an intervention for toddlers with autism: the Early Start Denver Model. Parent-defined target symptoms respond to risperidone in RUPP autism study: customer approach to clinical trials.