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If the officeholder is perceived as being independent, he or she is often the only person in the world who can call warring parties to the peace table. No matter who takes over as secretary general on Jan.The 10-year tenure of the current secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, has repeatedly revealed the limits of the office’s authority. Ban was persuaded for two years in a row to keep powerful countries off a list of those whose military forces had killed and maimed children. 1, he or she will inherit a body facing the unenviable task of demonstrating the United Nations’ relevance in a world confronting challenges that were inconceivable 70 years ago.Efforts to expand the permanent membership of the Council to include powers that have emerged since 1945 — such as India, Japan and Germany — have been stymied.
The Security Council — notably the P5 — chooses the secretary general, by secret ballot, to serve a maximum of two five-year terms.
We call upon all Member States to constructively engage in this process so that the long pending reform of the UN Security Council can be achieved so as to equip the Council to more effectively address the global challenges.”In the Indian eyes, “no reform of the United Nations (UN) is complete without the composition of the Security Council changing to reflect contemporary realities of the twenty-first century.
This requires expansion in the membership of the Security Council in both the permanent and non - permanent categories.” This Indian quest for permanent membership to the Security Council, what India’s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh once rightly described as “an essay in persuasion” lies at the heart of repeated Indian pleas for reforming the UN, the only existing universal organisation of global governance.
Most recently, its starkest failure has been the handling of the conflict in Syria, with Russia backing the government of President Bashar al-Assad and the United States, Britain and France supporting some opposition groups.
The Council has not only failed to halt the fighting, but has also been unable to ensure the delivery of food aid and the safety of medical workers.