In December 1863, he offered full pardons to Confederates, other than a few high-ranking leaders.
To receive the pardons, Southerners would have to swear their allegiance to the United States and agree to the end of slavery.
Johnson's administration was contentious primarily because of his Reconstruction plans.
Upon assuming office, Johnson retained all of Lincoln's cabinet officials.
The Radical Republicans in Congress were angered by Johnson's actions.
Reconstruction Policies Of Lincoln And Johnson To Kill A Mockingbird Atticus Finch Hero Essay
They refused to allow Southern representatives and senators to take their seats in Congress.He granted political rights to all Southerners who swore allegiance to the United States except for wealthy landowners and Confederate officials.Those Southerners that Johnson excluded from political rights could attain them by seeking a pardon directly from him.The United States Congress was less forgiving than Lincoln was.Radical Republicans wanted to give African-American men the right to vote.By pursuing a relatively lenient policy towards the seceded states and former Confederates, Lincoln tried to persuade reluctant Confederates to return to the United States.He hoped to bring the Civil War to an early conclusion.Government officials debated how the Southern states that seceded from the United States would be readmitted to the nation.These debates and implementation of the actual policies would take from 1865, the Civil War's end, to 1877, the year that President Rutherford B. In the end, the federal government permitted Southern states to rejoin the Union as equals with the Northern states.The Radicals, as well as more moderate Republicans in Congress, did not want to give former Confederates an equal voice in the government.Benjamin Wade, a senator from Ohio, proposed the Wade-Davis Bill.