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From Plessy to Brown, every case that had milestone meaning indicated the evolution on the equal protection of the right to education, and also marked the progress of American civilization.However, there are different points between Plessy and Brown. Board of Education was educational case of black race, but Plessy v.It is important and complicate time, culture movement, rock-roll, antiwar movement were appeared in the 1960s.
The Citizens Committee, a group of minorities in Louisiana, chose Homer Plessy to challenge a state law requiring segregation on trains.
After Plessy was arrested for boarding a whites-only train car and found guilty of breaking the law, the Citizens Committee appealed his conviction. Ferguson (Ferguson refers to Judge John Howard Ferguson, who presided over the case in Louisiana) ended up at the Supreme Court.
A unanimous decision issued on May 17, 1954, found that the role of education in the United States had changed greatly since the 19th century. Ferguson’s “separate but equal” language, this decision asserts that “separate education facilities are inherently unequal.” The press reaction in the North was largely positive, calling it a “healing” ruling.
“Today,” Chief Justice Earl Warren wrote, “education is perhaps the most important function of the state and local governments. In the South, editorials predicted social turmoil and noted that the court gave no timeline for the change to take place.
Court's decision do not to increase educational funding, but it rationalize the allocation of resources to promote education.
1960s is not a violence age President Johnson addresses the poverty and racial discrimination as the main target and reform civil rights, poverty, health care, and education.
This week marks the anniversaries of two landmark Supreme Court cases dealing with segregation. Ferguson, upheld the constitutionality of segregation under the “separate but equal” doctrine.
The other high court ruling, nearly six decades later, found that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” An 1892 incident triggered the Plessy lawsuit.
Its political influence and the stabilization and exist of federal depend on seven federal judges.
We can see that the Supreme Court played a very important role.