The Anglo-Saxons came to England after the Romans left in the year 410.
Nobody was really ruling all of England at the time – there were a lot of little kingdoms ruled by Anglo-Saxons that eventually came together as one country.
He won battles against invasion by the Danes, and he improved England’s defences and armies.
Alfred established a strong legal code, and began the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles as a way of recording annual events.
He declared himself the first ‘king of the English’ because he won battles involving kings in the surrounding kingdoms, but their dominance didn’t really last after Offa died.
Offa is most remembered for Offa’s Dyke along the border between England and Wales – it was a 150-mile barrier that gave the Mericans some protection if they were about to be invaded. Many people were pagans and worshipped different gods who oversaw different things people did – for instance, Wade was the god of the sea, and Tiw was the god of war. Augustine came to England to tell people about Christianity.
The Anglo-Saxons minted their own coins – they made different designs that were pressed onto the face of a coin, so archaeologists who find those coins today know when they were used.
The coins changed depending on the region where they were made, who was king, or even what important event had just happened.
By the 800s, there were four main kingdoms in England: Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia and Wessex.
One of the most well-known kings from Merica was Offa.