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The first genetically modified animal to be commercialized was the Glo Fish (2003) and the first genetically modified animal to be approved for food use was the Aqu Advantage salmon in 2015.Bacteria are the easiest organisms to engineer and have been used for research, food production, industrial protein purification (including drugs), agriculture, and art.Although there is a scientific consensus that currently available food derived from GM crops poses no greater risk to human health than conventional food, GM food safety is a leading issue with critics.
Genetically modified crops are publicly the most controversial GMOs.
The majority are engineered for herbicide tolerance or insect resistance.
The first genetically modified animal, a mouse, was created in 1974 by Rudolf Jaenisch, and the first plant was produced in 1983.
In 1994 the Flavr Savr tomato was released, the first commercialized genetically modified food.
There are proposals to remove the virulent genes from viruses to create vaccines.
Plants have been engineered for scientific research, to create new colors in plants, deliver vaccines and to create enhanced crops.
Many of these involve GM crops and whether food produced from them is safe and what impact growing them will have on the environment.
Other concerns are the objectivity and rigor of regulatory authorities, contamination of non-genetically modified food, control of the food supply, patenting of life and the use of intellectual property rights.
Countries have adopted regulatory measures to deal with these concerns.
There are differences in the regulation for the release of GMOs between countries, with some of the most marked differences occurring between the US and Europe.