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The video below contains tips for writing a good research question.
Within the review, you need to identify patterns, consensus, inconsistencies, discrepancies, problems or gaps based on the body of literature.
Ultimately, the literature review will contribute something new to the topic, so it will not be a discussion that has been repeated or previously established in the past.
A research question is an answerable, focused question that helps to limit the scope of your research and writing within a broader topic.
Your research question needs to be answerable within your word limit.
Every research report/ thesis/research article begins with an introduction to the topic of research. The main purpose of the review is to introduce the readers to the need for conducting the said research.
A literature review should begin with a thorough literature search using the main keywords in relevant online databases such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, etc.
Literature reviews can be stand-alone documents, or they can form part of a research proposal or project.
A stand-alone literature review aims to summarise and evaluate the current knowledge of a specific topic, whereas a literature review that forms part of a research proposal or project also describes the gaps in the current knowledge that the project aims to address.
This module is intended as an introductory guide to writing stand-alone literature reviews.
A graduate literature review module is also available in the graduate research and writing section of the Research and Learning Online site.