Corruption by BIA leaders and agents further resulted in the destruction of the Indian lifestyle. Sheridan, and George Custer, these “Buffalo Soldiers” advanced confidently and repeatedly against Indian tribes. One such battle was the Sand Creek Massacre, which occurred in Colorado in 1864.Many agents were paid to look the other way as white men took land and game that rightfully belonged to the Indians. Although some battles against Indians were brutal on both sides, other conflicts were nothing but displays of dominance by U. At that time, Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes inhabited the Sand Creek region after being forcibly relocated there due to the gold rush in 1861.
European immigrants are credited for “civilizing” the United States, but prior to their arrival America had long been inhabited by tribes of indigenous people.
In the fifteenth century, when Christopher Columbus landed in what he presumed was the Indies, he began calling these inhabitants “Indians,” a label that would last centuries until the modern term “Native Americans” came into use.
However, by the mid-nineteenth century, the BIA had shifted its focus to overseeing Indian concentration and relocation.
It aimed to provide reasonable protection to the Indians—however, their lands were still fair game.
This strategy would provide white settlers with the most productive lands and relocate Indians to areas north and south of white settlements.
Over the next decade, Indians were evicted from their land to make way for a white society.
Prior to white settlement, Indian tribes stretched from coast to coast across North America.
Spanish explorers introduced horses to the Plains Indians during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, which allowed the Indians to cover ground more rapidly and made them nomadic, able to follow their main source of food, clothing, and shelter—the buffalo—along its migratory path.
General Custer, seeking to overtake the ore-rich land for the miners, came across a settlement of over 7,000 Indians from the Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes. Dividing his troops into three groups of approximately 200 men each, he directed the groups to encircle the camp and launch an attack.
However, before the attack could commence, Custer and his group found themselves surrounded by an Indian sneak attack led by famed war Chief Crazy Horse.