His father, a military surgeon and an alcoholic of harsh, despotic temperament, was brutally slain (1839) by his own serfs.
Not long after completing his degree (1843) and becoming a sublieutenant, Dostoyevsky resigned his commission to commence a hazardous career as a writer living off his pen.
, 1821–81, Russian novelist, one of the towering figures of world literature.
First, Dostoyevsky was always in need of money and had to hurry his works into publication.
Although he complained that writing against a deadline prevented him from achieving his full literary powers, it is equally possible that his frenzied style of composition lent his novels an energy that has remained part of their appeal.