The research will look at five existing projects in which the designers looked to nature for inspiration to solve issues faced in their design process to provide insight on the level of biomimicry designers have developed.
The aim of this research is to shed light on biomimicry as an approach; to showcase how it can help better the issue of sustainability and regenerative design in architecture. Pedersen Zari at Victoria University in New Zealand in 2007, two distinct approaches to biomimicry as a design approach exist: Problem-Based Approach and Solution-Based Approach.
One disadvantage is that an in-depth biological research must be conducted then the information gathered must be determined as relevant in a design context. 2007)After examination carried out by Janine Benyus in her 1997 book, it is apparent that the approaches discussed above further divide into three levels of mimicry, these are; form (Organism), process (Behaviour) and eco-system.
These levels help define the kinds of biomimicry that have evolved.
It is a framework for understanding the approaches and levels of biomimicry in design.
It discusses some distinct advantages and disadvantages immanent in each biomimicry level as an approach to sustainable building design.Where a designer recognises their design problem and looks to how organisms and systems in nature have solved similar problems.One possible drawback of this design approach is that the issue of how buildings correlate with each other and the ecosystem they are part of is not investigated.The term ‘Biomimicry’ was first coined in 1962, but has just recently gained popularity.‘Biomimicry’ comes from the Greek word bios, meaning life, and mimesis, meaning to imitate.A more famous example occurred in 1948 when George De Mestral, a Swiss engineer took his dog out hunting and it emerged from the bushes covered in burrs.After examining the tiny hooks of the burrs, he discovered a hook system used by the plant to spread seeds by attachment inspired by this, De Mestral created Velcro.Therefore, the underlying causes of non-sustainable or even degenerative built environment are not necessarily addressed.Despite this, the Problem-Based approach may be a good way to begin the transition of the built environment from inefficient to a more sustainable environment (Mc Donough. The Solution-Based approach is also referred to as “Biology influencing design”, “Bottom-Up Approach” or “Solution-Driven Biologically Inspired Design”.A multi-disciplinary approach follows a set of ethics rather than taking a stylistic approach.Sustainability is advancing to a new level that accommodates the design of buildings that are essential to the natural environment and should support nature’s work rather than work against it.