Moreover, in February 2007, both countries also signed the Agreement between Japan and Australia on Social Security, which came into effect in January 2009.Furthermore, the amendment to the Japan-Australia Taxation Convention was signed in January 2008 and came into effect in December 2008.On both occasions the disruptive force came from Japanese militarism and imperialism, in the pre-modern form represented by Satsuma’s samurai and in the modern by the Meiji Japanese state.
Moreover, in February 2007, both countries also signed the Agreement between Japan and Australia on Social Security, which came into effect in January 2009.Furthermore, the amendment to the Japan-Australia Taxation Convention was signed in January 2008 and came into effect in December 2008.
As the Cold War was liquidated elsewhere, despite Okinawan expectations of liberation, it was retained and reinforced for them, and they were subject to persistent lying, deception, manipulation and discrimination.
Okinawa became, and remains, to today a joint US-Japanese colony in all but name.
As both countries are allies with the US in the Asia-Pacific region, the two countries have promoted the trilateral relations.
The two countries have strongly cooperated to tackle global and regional issues, such as nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.
Even then, however, “reversion” was nominal, because the US retained its assets, the chain of bases, and extraterritorial authority over them, and even exacted a huge payment from Japan accompanying the deal.
During the 27-year period when Okinawa was completely under US rule, when there was no democracy and no mechanism for registering Okinawan protest, the American base structure was reduced in Japan proper but concentrated and expanded in Okinawa prefecture.
This essay is designed to chart a path and see a pattern in the struggles in the courts and on the Okinawan streets over recent decades, in the hope that it might serve as a kind of basic compendium on today’s Okinawa problem.
How can it be that the Japanese state should now be attempting to sweep aside the overwhelming opposition of the Okinawan people in order to enforce the reclamation and construction works for a major Marine Corps facility at Henoko and for a string of Marine Corps “Osprey” landing zones in the vicinity of Takae hamlet in Higashi village, and that it by and large escapes international scrutiny for doing this, despite deploying high levels of discrimination and violence towards Okinawa in the process?
Australia and Japan have established good bilateral relationships based on mutually complementary economic relations.
In recent years, the two countries have also strengthened political and security cooperation, which has made them a strategic partner in the Asia-Pacific region.