Some babies show stranger fear and separation anxiety much more frequently and intensely than others, nevertheless, they are seen as evidence that the baby has formed an attachment. The baby becomes increasingly independent and forms several attachments.By 18 months the majority of infants have formed multiple attachments.The behavioral theory of attachment stated that the child becomes attached to the mother because she fed the infant.
Some babies show stranger fear and separation anxiety much more frequently and intensely than others, nevertheless, they are seen as evidence that the baby has formed an attachment. The baby becomes increasingly independent and forms several attachments.By 18 months the majority of infants have formed multiple attachments.Tags: What Are In Text Citations In An EssayOrganizational Climate An Essay SchneiderShort Essay On Value Of BooksCover Letter For Application With ResumeCase Studies For Business AnalyticsSpanish Essay Grammar CheckerOnline Advertising Business PlanGood Business PlansOperation Research Question Paper
They learn to associate the feeder (usually the mother) with the comfort of being fed and through the process of classical conditioning, come to find contact with the mother comforting.
They also find that certain behaviors (e.g., crying, smiling) bring desirable responses from others (e.g., attention, comfort), and through the process of operant conditioning learn to repeat these behaviors to get the things they want.
Three measures were recorded: Infants indiscriminately enjoy human company, and most babies respond equally to any caregiver.
They get upset when an individual ceases to interact with them.
According to Bowlby infants have a universal need to seek close proximity with their caregiver when under stress or threatened (Prior & Glaser, 2006).
Most researchers believe that attachment develops through a series of stages.The most important fact in forming attachments is not who feeds and changes the child but who plays and communicates with him or her.Therefore, responsiveness appeared to be the key to attachment.From 3 months infants smile more at familiar faces and can be easily comfortable by a regular caregiver. The baby looks to particular people for security, comfort, and protection.It shows fear of strangers (stranger fear) and unhappiness when separated from a special person (separation anxiety).Attachment is adaptive as it enhances the infant’s chance of survival.This is illustrated in the work of Lorenz (1935) and Harlow (1958).The babies were visited monthly for approximately one year, their interactions with their carers were observed, and carers were interviewed.A diary was kept by the mother to examine the evidence for the development of attachment.Intensely attached infants had mothers who responded quickly to their demands and, interacted with their child.Infants who were weakly attached had mothers who failed to interact.