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This is closely connected to curiosity — if you’re arrogant and think you know everything already, then you have no reason to be curious.But a humble person always recognizes the limitations and gaps in their knowledge.This makes them more receptive to information, better listeners and learners.
At the same time, the Enlightenment also came with many downsides, particularly the fact that it was so hostile to tradition.
This hostility is understandable given the state of Europe at the time — ripped apart by bloody conflict between different religions, and oppressed by traditional monarchs who rooted their power in that of the Church.
Through curiosity and probable skepticism, he not only worked out the basic rules for matter and energy in the universe — he also realized that the force causing objects to fall was the same as the force causing celestial objects to orbit around each other (thus discovering the modern theory of gravity).
He was also known for having a big ego and being a little arrogant with those he considered beneath his intellect — but even Newton had enough humility to recognize that he wasn’t doing it alone.
It’s a combination of several skills and habits such as: Curious people are never content with their current understanding of the world, but are driven to raise questions and pursue the answers.
Curiosity is endless — the better you understand a given topic, the more you realize how much more there is to learn!
He points out that skepticism is extremely important to critical thinking, but at the same time it can go too far and become an obstacle.
Notice, too, that you could replace the word “new” with “old” in this quote and it would still make sense.
Critical thinkers need to be both open to new ideas and skeptical of them; similarly, they need to have a balanced attitude toward old and traditional ideas as well.
Critical thinking has emerged as a cultural value in various times and places, from the Islamic scholars of medieval Central Asia to the secular philosophers of 18th-century America or the scientists and engineers of 21st-century Japan.